The Institute of Neuroscience (ION) was founded in 1979. These visionary neuroscientists built a highly collaborative, integrated group where biologists and psychologists work together to dissect the development and function of the nervous system. For example, 100% of tenured ION faculty members have published at least one paper with another UO colleague. Furthermore, many have collaborative grants, including a zebrafish program project grant that funds zebrafish research at the University of Oregon.

Reflecting the collaborative philosophy of ION and the University of Oregon, the vast majority of all life science laboratories (including ION, IMB, IE2) occupy contiguous space in the Lokey Science Complex (8 attached buildings). Under one roof, biochemists, cell biologists, developmental biologists, physicists, organic chemists, and physical chemists use a huge variety of model organisms, techniques, and tools to understand and explain the properties of life.